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Glossary of Terms

A brief outline of the key terms used in woodland for sale details on this site.

All woodland areas are quoted in hectares. One hectare is equivalent to 2.47 acres.

Leaves which fall in winter and re-grow from buds each spring - huge range dependent on location - commonly recognised are oak, ash, beech, birch and poplar.

Coniferous amenity

Predominantly needled tree species (pine, spruce, fir and similar) which, because of scale or diversity or other features, has strong amenity or enjoyment potential.

Coniferous commercial
Predominantly needled tree species (spruce and pine), likely to have been established as a plantation with initial focus on economic return.

Note: although we have ascribed the adjective commercial and amenity to sub-divide coniferous, almost all forests and woodlands (of whatever type) can provide multiple benefits. Whilst priorities will vary, outputs can be economic, environmental (birds, bees, plants, carbon sequestration) or social (recreation, be it personal or public), and more!

Conifers (other)
All other needled species include larch, fir, Douglas fir, cedar and the like.

Crop stage and age
In the UK, rotation (from planting to felling of mature trees) can last 40 or more years for conifers. Broadleaves are generally slower-growing and maturity may take 80 to 120 years.

First rotation plantations/forests (mostly planted farmland) are commonly of a single age or stage in their progress to maturity and are identified by this age group.

Longer-established woodland may have all age ranges represented and will be described as mixed.

A combination of broadleaved and coniferous tree species giving greater flexibility in terms of use and management.

OS map
References are to the Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 Landranger series to assist you to locate the precise location. Remember grid references run east 'learn to walk, across the page' before north 'before you climb up the page'.

Pinus family has longer soft needles arising in pairs, threes or fives. There is a huge range worldwide, but in the UK we have Corsican pine in the dry south (Anglia) to native Scots pine in the Highlands.

Sporting rights
Rights or entitlement to enjoy the sporting rights over an area are most commonly available to the landowner.

Picea family has short single needles. Sitka spruce is the most commonly planted commercial conifer in the UK. Norway spruce is the most common Christmas tree.

Most woodland is freehold. Some areas are long leaseholds and a purchaser would want to understand the nature of, length, and terms, associated with the lease.

The total (gross) area for sale is broken down into planted/stocked - that is covered with trees (of whatever age); restocking/plantable - area without tree cover but capable of growing trees and/or awaiting replanting after felling or new planting on farmland; and other - open space, lakes, high hills and so on, being an integral part of the total.